Shoulder Surgeon, Orthopedic Surgeon
Shoulder Surgeon, Orthopedic Surgeon - Dr. A. M Rajani
M.S Orth (Gold Medallist), D-Orth, MBBS
Knee and Shoulder Surgeon
( Arthroscopy & Joint Reconstruction )
Orthopaedic Arthroscopy Knee and Shoulder Clinic (OAKS) - arthroscopy surgeon

Evaluation and Investigations

Evaluation of the shoulder is divided into three categories :
  • History
  • Clinical examination with special tests
  • Correct Imaging

History :
General History:
Patient’s age, dominant hand, occupation, sporting activities, and activity level.

Specific History :
History of injury
History of Diabetes
Type, intensity and Location of Pain
Aggravating and Relieving Factors
Ability to do overhead activity History of previous dislocation episodes if any

Clinical Examination :
from  the front, back and side Wasting of Muscles, Winging
of Scapula, Scars, Sinuses, Swelling.

inspection from the back of muscle
inspection from the front of muscle
inspection from the side wasting of muscle

all bony prominences, Joint Tenderness.
Palpating Bony Prominences Palpating Muscle
Range of Movement :

Range of Paplation Movement

Special Test :
Apprehension test :
for recurrent shoulder dislocation
apprehension test for shoulder dislocation
Impingement Test

impingement test shoulder

tests for shoulder impingement

Rotator Cuff tear Drop Arm test :

Rotator Cuff tear Drop Arm test
Slap Tear : O Briens Test :

Slap Tear : O Briens Test
Speed Test for Biceps :

Speed Test for Biceps

Imaging of the Shoulder :

XRays :

Shoulder AP
Shoulder AP

Shoulder Lateral
Shoulder Lateral

Scapulo-outlet view
Scapulo-outlet view
MRI of Shoulder :

MRI of Shoulder

MRI of Shoulder