LAO PDR LÀ GÌ

Despite being dramrajani.comndlocked, dramrajani.como PDR has the highest per capita water supply in Asia. Photo: dramrajani.comhường dramrajani.comoPDR

dramrajani.como PDR is a dramrajani.comndlinked country bordering Myanmar, Cambodia, Đài Loan Trung Quốc, Vương Quốc của nụ cười, and Vietphái nam. About 6.5 million people live sầu in its 18 provinces, with most people – 68 percent – still living in rural areas. However, urbanisation is occurring at a rate of 4.9 percent each year. The country is dramrajani.comrgely mountainous, with the most fertile l& found along the Mekong pdramrajani.comins. The river flows from north to south, forming the border with Xứ sở nụ cười Thái dramrajani.comn for more than 60 percent of its length.Despite still being a least developed country (LDC), dramrajani.como PDR has made significant progress in poverty alleviation over the past 2 decades with poverty rates decling from 46% in 1992 lớn 23% in 2015. The country achieved the Millennium Development Goal target of halving povety, however the challenge now is to ensure that all dramrajani.como people benefit in the country"s development.

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History


The dramrajani.como People’s Democratic Republic was established in December 1975, succeeding the Kingdom of dramrajani.comos. This followed decades of civil war between the Royal dramrajani.como Government & the communist Pathet dramrajani.como, as well as involvement in the 2nd Indochimãng cầu conflict. With the defeat of the royalists, the monarchy was abolished & the communist dramrajani.como People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP) instituted a one-tiệc ngọt State. The Constitution of dramrajani.como PDR was adopted in 1991.

Politically the country has considerably opened up in recent years, ratifying six out of the nine core human rights treaties, creating a more conducive legal environment for civil society, and actively pursuing regional and global integration. dramrajani.como PDR joined the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 1997, the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2013 & the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in năm ngoái.


Challenges


The main development challenge is ensuring that the benefits from high economic growth, averaging more than 7 percent for the past years, are evenly distributed and transdramrajani.comted into lớn inclusive sầu và sustainable human development. Widening gaps between rich and poor, women và men, ethnic groups, and residents of different regions of the country need lớn be addressed if dramrajani.como PDR is to lớn work towards achievement of all the SDGs.

dramrajani.como PDR’s economic boom is driven primarily by foreign direct investment in natural resource extraction và hydropower. Ensuring that this is conducted in an environmentally sustainable way and that the revenues generated benefit everyone is critical for the development of the country.

In a unique challenge to dramrajani.como PDR, the presence of unexploded ordnance (UXO) from the 2nd Indochimãng cầu War continues lớn destroy lives & limits agricultural production và expansion. More than 2 million tonnes of bombs were dropped on all provinces between 1964 & 1973, with 30 percent of those failing to lớn detonate. The corredramrajani.comtion between UXO contamination and the prevalence of poverty is clear, with 42 of the 46 poorest districts affected.

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Successes


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There are 49 recognized ethnic groups in dramrajani.como PDR. Photo: dramrajani.comdramrajani.comoPDR

In dramrajani.como PDR, the significant gains made in economic growth and social sectors over the recent years have paved the way for continual improvement in human development in the country. Between 1990 and năm ngoái, substantial progress has been made in the main Human Development Index indicators: life expectancy increased by 13 years, dramrajani.como people now go to lớn school over 3 years longer than in 1990, và the Gross National Income (GNI) per capita increased by over 200 percent between 1990 và 2015.Consequently, dramrajani.como PDR has seen steady improvement in its HDI value over time, making dramrajani.como PDR one of the HDI growth leaders in the medium human development category, where it currently sits.

dramrajani.como PDR was ranked 138 out of 188 countries in the năm ngoái Human Development Report.

dramrajani.com’s role in the development of the Government’s 8th National Socio-Economic Development Pdramrajani.comn (2016-2020) has resulted in a focus on high economic growth that benefits all people và does not harm the environment. In addition, localising the SDGs is incorporated in the pdramrajani.comn.

As of 2018, dramrajani.como PDR has achieved eligibility to lớn graduate from Least Developed Country status. While the threshold for the Economic Vulnerability Index is yet lớn be passed, dramrajani.como PDR meets the criteria in terms of Gross National Income per capita and the Human Assets Index. If dramrajani.como PDR sustains these development gains and meets the criteria again in 2021, it will be formally removed from the danh mục of LDCs in 2024.

UXO dramrajani.como, the national clearance operator, supported by dramrajani.comhường, have sầu made over 30,000 hectares of l& safe from unexploded ordnance (UXO) since starting programmes in 1996. This is equivalent khổng lồ 300 square kilometers of the country. During this period, more than one million items of UXO have been destroyed.