Native american là gì

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Louisiana"s deep water portsDid you know that Louisiana"s five sầu deep water ports handle more than 457 million tons of U.S. waterborne commerce a year? Impact - Louisiamãng cầu Serve sầu ProgramThe Louisiamãng cầu Serve Program in the Office of Lieutenant Governor returns 2.8 million in revenue to lớn Louisiana. Louisiamãng cầu Parks & the National RegisterThirteen Louisiamãng cầu Parks sites are on the National Register of Historic Places. They include: • Audubon Historic Site• Centenary Historic Site• Fort Pike Historic Site• Fort Jesup Historic Site• Longfellow-Evangeline Historic Site• Mansfield Historic Site• Marksville Historic Site• Plaquemine Lock Historic Site• Port Hudson Historic Site• Poverty Point Historic Site• Otis House at Fairview-Riverside Park• Rosedown Plantation Historic Site• Winter Quarters Historic Site Louisiamãng cầu Parks VisitationNearly two million people visited a Louisiamãng cầu Park last year. Louisiamãng cầu Parks Grow & RenewThe Louisiana Office of Parks has spent nearly $80 million in major construction projects since 2004, providing two brand-new parks and a new historic site, adding cabins and campsites to lớn existing parks & building visitor center at one park, the preservation area and three historic sites. Louisiana Parks Wireless InternetThe Louisiamãng cầu Office of Parks provides không tính phí wireless internet access at all trăng tròn recreational parks. Extensive coverage areas include most cabins, RV slips & campsites. Louisiamãng cầu Parks Draw Media AttentionLouisiamãng cầu Parks sites have been featured in movie and television releases including "True Detective sầu," CBS’ "Zoo," và "NCIS: New Orleans," "G.I. Joe: Retaliation," "Selfless," "Devil’s Due," and commercials for Popeyes và Toyota. Capitol Park Welcome CenterThe main meeting room in the Capitol Park Welcome Center is named after Margaret Taylor, wife of U.S. President Zachary Taylor. The couple resided in a small house near the present day location of Capitol Park until Taylor was elected to lớn the Presidency.
Introduction Native sầu Americans Colonial Louisiana The Louisiamãng cầu Purchase Territory to lớn dramrajani.comhood Battle of New Orleans
Antebellum Louisiamãng cầu I Antebellum Louisiamãng cầu II Antebellum Louisiamãng cầu III The Civil War Reconstruction I Reconstruction II

At the time of French settlement in 1700, many Indian groups lived in Louisiana, which then encompassed the Mississippi Valley và Gulf Coast region. These groups ranged from small clans of hunters khổng lồ large communities of farmers. Several Louisiamãng cầu societies established extensive cultural and economic exchange networks & traded material goods, belief systems, language patterns, technology, & recreational practices with other native groups in North America and probably even in Mexico, Central America, và the Caribbean, and later with European settlers.

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Chitimaphụ vương Basket 20th Century This double-woven lidded basket is an excellent example of the Chitimaphụ thân weaver"s art.

Native American Timeline

10,000 to 5000 b.c5000 lớn 2000 b.c.2000 b.c. lớn a.d. 1700a.d. 1700
Paleo-IndiansMeso-IndiansNeo-Indians: Poverty Point Tchefuncte Marksville Troyville-Coles Creek Caddo/Plaquemine-MississippianMajor Native Groups on the Eve of French Settlement: Natchez Speakers Atakapa Opelousa Cadvày Tunica Koroa Yazoo Houma Bayougoula Acolapissa Mugulasha Okelousa Quinapisa Tangipahoa Chitimaphụ thân Washa and Chawasha

Societies As in most Indian societies, Louisiana Indians carried out tasks defined along gender lines. Men ruled và defended the tribal communities và hunted & constructed buildings and canoes with tools they made. Women cared for children và the elderly, planted crops, & made clothes và utensils, which they used to prepare foods and decorate their homes và religious centers. One early French settler, Antoine Simon Le Page du Pratz, observed that "most of the labour & fatigue falls khổng lồ the share of the women," while Indian men had "a great giảm giá of more spare time than the women." Hunting was economically pivotal as a source of food, clothing, tools & jewelry. Indians stalked deer, bear, bison và a multitude of smaller game animals. When Europeans came lớn Louisiana, they noted that the Natchez in particular practiced the "communal surround." Upon sighting a deer, about a hundred men formed an open crescent. They drove the deer from side to lớn side until it dropped lớn the ground exhausted.

Communal Venison Hunt 1758 Reproduced from Antoine Sitháng Le Page du Pratz, Histoire de la Louisiane The illustrations for Histoire de la Louisiane were produced in Europe from descriptions supplied by the author.

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Beliefs and Practices Though their specific beliefs và practices varied, Indian religions focused on placing humans in harmony with nature & the world. The Natchez, Acolapissa, Cadbởi vì, Houma, Taensa, and Tunica constructed sacred buildings, some of which they raised on truncated pyramidal earth mounds, comparable to Mesoamerican temples. Louisiana Indians honored their dead with celebrations of dance, song, và food. Jean-Bernard Bossu, an early French colonial obVPS, described a Louisiana Indian celebration that closely resembled the European All Saints" Day:

Each family gathers at the cemetery và weeps as it visits the boxes containing the bones of its ancestors. After leaving the cemetery, the Indians indulge in a great feast.... In the early part of November they have an important holiday called the feast of the dead or the feast of souls.
Funeral Procession 1758 Reproduced from Antoine Sitháng Le Page du Pratz, Histoire de la Louisiane The illustrations for Histoire de la Louisiane were produced in Europe from descriptions supplied by the author. This image shows a Native American funeral procession to their temple.

Homes, Clothing & Recreation There were no tepees in Louisiamãng cầu. Rather, Louisiana"s first families lived and worshipped in palmetto-thatched houses, beehive-shaped grass houses, woodframe houses, và wattle-and-daub houses & temples. Women prepared và cooked the food that they gathered và grew và that the men hunted & fished. Louisiamãng cầu Indians boiled, roasted, baked và parched their food. Native American women also manufactured all the clothing. Popular clothing materials were feathers, bark, cloth, & hides, as well as furs from deer, bear, bison, & smaller game animals. Both men and women fashioned such body ornaments as necklaces, bracelets, armbands, rings, and ear và nose plugs from locally available shells và pearls và imported copper. Like Europeans & Africans of the same time period, the natives of Louisiana amused themselves with various games và sporting events. Long before Europeans arrived in the Mississippi Valley, Louisiana Indians gambled on the outcome of sporting events và games of chance. Players & spectators alượt thích risked their earnings on all sorts of games and sports--wrestling, footracing, archery, dice, và toli, a game adopted by the French và called raquette. Dancing and music were often a part of these tribal sporting events, as well as feasts & religious ceremonies. With music in the background, Louisiamãng cầu Indians performed as groups, pairs, và individuals.

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Communal Dance 1758 Reproduced from Antoine Sitháng Le Page du Pratz, Histoire de la Louisiane The illustrations for Histoire de la Louisiane were produced in Europe from descriptions supplied by the author.


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