Solvency ratio là gì

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What Is a Solvency Ratio?

A solvency ratio is a key metric used khổng lồ measure an enterprise’s ability lớn meet its long-term debt obligations và is used often by prospective sầu business lenders. A solvency ratio indicates whether a company’s cash flow is sufficient khổng lồ meet its long-term liabilities and thus is a measure of its financial health. An unfavorable ratio can indicate some likelihood that a company will mặc định on its debt obligations.

The main solvency rattiện ích ios are the debt-to-assets ratio, the interest coverage ratio, the equity ratio, & the debt-to-equity ratio. These measures may be compared with liquidity rattiện ích ios, which consider a firm"s ability to lớn meet short-term obligations rather than medium- lớn long-term ones.

A solvency ratio examines a firm"s ability lớn meet its long-term debts và obligations.The main solvency ratios include the debt-to-assets ratio, the interest coverage ratio, the equity ratio, & the debt-to-equity ratio.Solvency ratquả táo are often used by prospective sầu lenders when evaluating a company"s creditworthiness as well as by potential bond investors.Solvency ratgame ios and liquidity ratios both measure a company"s financial health but solvency ratios have sầu a longer-term outlook than liquidity ratios.

Understanding Solvency Ratgame ios

A solvency ratio is one of many metrics used to lớn determine whether a company can stay solvent in the long term.

A solvency ratio is a comprehensive sầu measure of solvency, as it measures a firm"s actual cash flow, rather than net income, by adding baông chồng depreciation & other non-cash expenses to assess a company’s capađô thị khổng lồ stay afloat.

It measures this cash flow capacity in relation to lớn all liabilities, rather than only short-term debt. This way, a solvency ratio assesses a company"s long-term health by evaluating its repayment ability for its long-term debt và the interest on that debt.

Solvency rattiện ích ios vary from industry lớn industry. A company’s solvency ratio should, therefore, be compared with its competitors in the same industry rather than viewed in isolation.

A solvency ratio terminology is also used when evaluating insurance companies, comparing the kích cỡ of its capital relative to the premiums written, & measures the risk an insurer faces on claims it cannot cover.

Types of Solvency Ratios

Interest Coverage Ratio

The interest coverage ratio is calculated as follows:

InterestCoverageRatio=EBITInterestExpenses extInterest Coverage Ratio=frac extEBIT extInterest ExpensesInterestCoverageRatio=InterestExpensesEBIT​

The interest coverage ratio measures the ability of a company khổng lồ meet the interest payments on its debt with its earnings. Specifically, it measures how many times over a company can meet its interest payment with its current earnings, as such, it includes a margin of safety.

The higher the ratio, the better. If the ratio falls khổng lồ 1.5 or below, it may indicate that a company will have difficulty meeting the interest on its debts.

Debt-To-Assets Ratio

Debt-to-AssetsRatio=DebtAssets extDebt-to-Assets Ratio=frac extDebt extAssetsDebt-to-AssetsRatio=AssetsDebt​

The debt-to-assets ratio measures a company"s total debt lớn its total assets. It measures a company"s leverage và indicates how much of the company is funded by debt versus assets, & therefore, its ability to lớn pay off its debt with its available assets.

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A higher ratio, especially above sầu 1.0, indicates that a company is significantly funded by debt & may have difficulty meetings its obligations.

SER=TSETotalassetswhere:SER ⁣= ⁣ShareholderequityratioTSE ⁣= ⁣Totalshareholderequityeginaligned& extSER=frac extTSE extTotal assets\ extbfwhere:\& extSER!=! extShareholder equity ratio\& extTSE!=! extTotal shareholder equityendalignedwhere:​SER=TotalassetsTSE​SER=ShareholderequityratioTSE=Totalshareholderequity​

The equity ratio, or equity-to-assets, shows how much of a company is funded by equity as opposed to lớn debt. The higher the number, the healthier a company is. The lower the number, the more debt a company has on its books relative to equity.

DebttoEquityRatio=DebtOutstandingEquity extDebt to lớn Equity Ratio=frac extDebt Outstanding extEquityDebttoEquityRatio=EquityDebtOutstanding​

The debt-to-equity ratio is similar lớn the debt-to-assets ratio, in that it indicates how a company is funded, in this case, by debt. The higher the ratio, the more debt a company has on its books, meaning the likelihood of default is higher. The ratio looks at how much of the debt can be covered by equity if the company needed to liquidate.

Limitations of Solvency Rattiện ích ios

A company may have a low debt amount, but if its cash management practices are poor & accounts payable are surging as a result, its solvency position may not be as solid as would be indicated by measures that include only debt.

It"s important to lớn look at a variety of ratgame ios to lớn understand the true financial health of a company, as well as understanding the reason that a ratio is what it is. Furthermore, a number itself won"t give sầu much of an indication. A company needs to lớn be compared to its peers, particularly the svào companies in its industry, to determine if the ratio is an acceptable one or not.

For example, an airline company will have sầu more debt than a công nghệ firm just by the nature of its business. An airline company has lớn buy planes, pay for hangar space, and buy jet fuel; costs that are significantly more than a giải pháp công nghệ company will ever have to face.

Solvency Ratquả táo vs. Liquidity Ratquả táo

Solvency ratquả táo & liquidity ratios are similar but have some important differences. Both of these categories of financial rattiện ích ios will provide an indication of the health of a company. The main difference is that solvency ratios are a longer-term outlook on a company whereas liquidity rattiện ích ios are a shorter-term outlook.

Solvency ratquả táo look at all assets of a company, including long-term debts such as bonds with maturities longer than a year; whereas liquidity ratios look at just the most liquid assets, such as cash and marketable securities, & how those can be used khổng lồ cover upcoming obligations in the near term.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a solvency ratio?

As a key metric for assessing the financial health of a company, a solvency ratio measures how well a company’s cash flow is able to cover its long-term debt. A solvency ratio is another way of measuring the likelihood that a company will default on its debt. Amuốn the most common solvency ratios are interest coverage ratio, debt-to-assets ratio, the equity ratio, & the debt-to-equity ratio. Solvency ratquả táo differ from liquidity ratquả táo, which analyze a company’s ability to lớn meet its short-term obligations.

How is a solvency ratio calculated?

Generally speaking, solvency ratios measure a company’s cash flow, which includes non-cash expenses và depreciation, against all debt obligations. In short, a solvent company has a positive sầu net worth. For instance, consider the debt lớn assets ratio, a popular metric which measures the degree that a company’s assets are financed by debt, where Debt to lớn assets = Total Assets/ Total Debt. Another comtháng solvency ratio, the debt khổng lồ equity ratio, shows how financially leveraged a company is, where Debt khổng lồ equity = Total Debt/ Total Equity.

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What is the difference between a solvency ratio và a liquidity ratio?

While analysts measure a company’s health using solvency ratios & liquidity rattiện ích ios, both have sầu important distinctions. Solvency rattiện ích ios, also referred to as leverage rattiện ích ios, analyze the impact on long-term obligations, và a company’s ability to continue operating over a longer horizon. By contrast, liquidity ratios look at two main objectives: a company’s ability khổng lồ pay for short-term liabilities (under a year) và the ability to quickly sell assets lớn raise cash. The higher the ratio, the higher the liquidity of a company.

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